The Bible is Fiction: A Collection of Evidence

By Daniel Miessler | July 2015
danielmiessler.com

Similarities To Other Stories

The similarities between the stories and characters in the Bible and those from previous mythologies are both undeniable and well-documented. It is only due to the extreme religious bias that pervades our world today that people rarely get exposed to this information.

In this short piece I’ll attempt to show blatant similarities with regard to two of the most important Biblical narratives: the Genesis story and the character of Jesus Christ.

The Book of Genesis’s Flood Story Mirrors The Epic Of Gilgamesh From Hundreds Of Years Earlier

Here are a number of elements that both Gilgamesh and the flood story in Genesis share:

  1. God decided to send a worldwide flood. This would drown men, women, children, babies and infants, as well as eliminate all of the land animals and birds.
  2. God knew of one righteous man, Ut-Napishtim or Noah.
  3. God ordered the hero to build a multi-story wooden ark (called a chest or box in the original Hebrew), and the hero initially complained about the assignment to build the boat.
  4. The arc would have many compartments, a single door, be sealed with pitch and would house one of every animal species.
  5. A great rain covered the land with water.
  6. The arc landed on a mountain in the Middle East.
  7. The first two birds returned to the ark. The third bird apparently found dry land because it did not return.
  8. The hero and his family left the ark, ritually killed an animal, offered it as a sacrifice.
  9. The Babylonian gods seemed genuinely sorry for the genocide that they had created. The God of Noah appears to have regretted his actions as well, because he promised never to do it again.

Keep in mind the level of detail in these similarities. It’s not a matter of just a flood, but specific details: three birds sent out, resisting the call to build the arc, and a single man being chosen by God to build the arc. Then consider that the first story (Gilgamesh) came from Babylon — hundreds of years before the Bible was even written.

Do you honestly think, based on the similarities above, that those who wrote the Genesis story had not heard the Gilgamesh story? And if they had heard it, and they were simply rehashing an old, very popular tale, what does that say about the Bible?

Jesus’s Story is an Obvious Rehashing Of Numerous Previous Characters

Perhaps even more compelling is the story of Christ himself. As it turns out it’s not even remotely original. It is instead nothing more than a collection of bits and pieces from dozens of other stories that came long before. Here are some examples.

  1. Asklepios healed the sick, raised the dead, and was known as the savior and redeemer.
  2. Hercules was born of a divine father and mortal mother and was known as the savior of the world.
  3. Dionysus was literally the “Son of God”, was born of a woman who had not had sex with a man, and was depicted riding a donkey. He was a traveling teacher who performed miracles, and was killed and resurrected, after which time he became immortal.
  4. Osiris did the same things. He was born of a virgin, was considered the first true king of the people, and when he died he rose from the grave and went to heaven.
  5. Osiris’s son, Horus, was known as the “light of the world”, “The good shepherd”, and “the lamb”. He was also referred to as, “The way, the truth, and the life.” His symbol was a cross-like symbol.
  6. Mithra’s birthday was celebrated on the 25th of December, his birth was witnessed by local shepherds who brought him gifts, had 12 disciples, and when he was done on earth he had a final meal before going up to heaven. On judgment day he’ll return to pass judgment on the living and the dead. The good will go to heaven, and the evil will die in a giant fire. His holiday is on Sunday (he’s the Sun God). His followers called themselves “brothers”, and their leaders “fathers”. They had baptism and a meal ritual where symbolic flesh and blood were eaten. Heaven was in the sky, and hell was below with demons and sinners.
  7. Krishna had a miraculous conception that wise men were able to come to because they were guided by a star. After he was born an area ruler tried to have him found and killed. His parents were warned by a divine messenger, however, and they escaped and was met by shepherds. The boy grew up to be the mediator between God and man.
  8. Buddha’s mother was told by an angel that she’d give birth to a holy child destined to be a savior. As a child he teaches the priests in his temple about religion while his parents look for him. He starts his religious career at roughly 30 years of age and is said to have spoken to 12 disciples on his deathbed. One of the disciples is his favorite, and another is a traitor. He and his disciples abstain from wealth and travel around speaking in parables and metaphors. He called himself “the son of man” and was referred to as, “prophet”, “master”, and “Lord”. He healed the sick, cured the blind and deaf, and he walked on water. One of his disciples tried to walk on water as well but sunk because his faith wasn’t strong enough.
  9. Apollonius of Tyana (a contemporary of Jesus) performed countless miracles (healing sick and crippled, restored sight, casted out demons, etc.) His birth was of a virgin, foretold by an angel. He knew scripture really well as a child. He was crucified, rose from the dead and appeared to his disciples to prove his power before going to heaven to sit at the right hand of the father. He was known as, “The Son of God”.

The problem, of course, is that these previous narratives existed hundreds to thousands of years before Jesus did.

Unavoidable Contradictions

Not only was the Bible taken largely and blatantly from previous stories, but there are contradictions so massive that they defy belief. Here are just a few of them.

  • Noah’s Arc: The story of the Arc is that a pair of every animal on earth was put on the ship. Forgetting for a second the fact that the story came directly from the Epic of Gilgamesh, keep in mind we’re being asked to believe that two 500-year-old people are caring for tens of thousands of animals. And where did they keep the food? How did they keep the poisonous snakes from biting the other animals? And where did they get the polar bears, alligators, and thousands of other animals that that don’t live in the Middle East?
  • The Angel’s Message: In Matthew 1:20 it says the Angel spoke to Joseph. In Luke 1:28 he spoke to Mary. Which was it?
  • Mary’s Virginity: The Hebrew word ‘Almah’, which people took to mean virgin, actually means ‘young woman of marriage age’. And there are plenty of indications that Jesus had brothers and sisters.
  • The Census: The authors of the Bible are trying so hard to get Jesus born in Bethlehem that they craft a story about a census. They say that Joseph had to travel back to his father’s homeland in order to register for it. Can you seriously imagine—in any period let alone then—asking the entire country to travel back their father’s hometown to register for a census? It’s completely impossible. The author of the story put it in there because they needed Jesus born in that city. Plus, historians note that the Romans kept extraordinary records, and there wasn’t even a census at that time. It’s completely fabricated, and for obvious reasons.
  • Jesus and the Family: The Bible says honor your father and mother, yet Jesus says you must hate your father, mother, wife, children, and even your own life to be a disciple, and says to call no man on earth your father. (MT 10:35-37, LK 12:51-53, 14:26, MT 23:9)
  • God and Murder: God says killing is wrong, yet he advocates genocide. (EX 34:11-14, LV 26:7-9)
  • God and Slavery: We all know slavery to be wrong, yet God openly advocates it. (GN 17:12, EX 12:43, EX: 21:1, EX 21:20, EX 21:32, LV 22:10, LV 25:44, LK 7:2, CL 3:22)
  • Jesus’s Heritage: There are two different genealogies for Jesus given in the Bible, and they don’t match. One is curiously given through Joseph, which is curious since he’s not Jesus’s father. Why give a genealogy through someone who isn’t related to you?
  • The Passover: It’s widely understood that God is supposed to be all-seeing and all-knowing. If that’s true, then why did he need people to mark their houses with blood in order to keep from killing their babies inside?
  • Kill Your Son to Prove You Love Me: God told Abraham to kill his son to prove that he loved God. Abraham raised the knife to him, about to do it, and God called it off—pleased that he would have done it. Does that sound like a moral God to you?

This is just a tiny sample of the inconsistencies and moral problems with the Bible. There are far more linked in the notes. But don’t take my word for any of this. Go to the passages. Read the material. It’s all there.

The Logical Conclusion

Many are familiar with Occam’s Razor, which states that, all things being equal, one should not seek complex explanations when more simple ones are available. Few dispute that these other stories predate the Judeo-Christian Bible, or that the Bible is full of massive contradictions, so we really have two main options:

  1. God created all these stories and characters thousands of years before the Bible in order to trick people, and then created new stories and characters that were almost exactly the same. But the version that went into the Bible—even with all the contradictions and immoral teachings—is the actual word of God. …OR
  2. The Bible was created during a time where stories were orally passed down over thousands of years.

    Stories constantly morphed and changed over time, and the Bible is a collection of these. This is why it has the nearly identical flood story from Gilgamesh, and why Jesus has the same characteristics as Dionysus, Osiris, Horus, Mithra, and Krishna. The contradictions and immorality in the stories are not evidence that God is flawed or evil, but rather that humans invented him, just like the thousands of other gods that we used to but no longer believe in.

If you hadn’t been taught Christianity since you were a young child, which of these two explanations would make the most sense to you?

Notes

  1. The goal of this page is not to say God is evil or bad. The point is to show that he is imaginary, created by humans, and to use the blatant reproductions, inconsistencies, and immoral teachings of the Bible to show that these are all just stories written by man. God is not at fault here, because we made it all up.
  2. Jesus: Original or Fake? http://www.bandoli.no/nooriginaljesus.htm
  3. Here is a list of far more contradictions and problems with the Bible
  4. Comparison of Babylonian and Noahic Flood Stories: http://www.religioustolerance.org/noah_com.htm
  5. This website is a phenomenal resource for showing how immoral the teachings of the Bible truly are.
  6. An Easter Blessing: http://www.ebonmusings.org/atheism/blessing.html
  7. [ November 2015 ] A number of the facts listed above about mythical beings that pre-dated Jesus are up for debate. Back when I wrote this I took the content to be factual (I was less careful then), but the truth is that there is much discussion around these details. The important thing to capture from that section is that there were popular concepts that predated Jesus by hundreds of years that ended up in his stories as well. You can research the details more deeply if you want; I have removed a couple of points already, and will be cleaning it up more as I have time. I’d currently give that section an 85% accuracy rating.

Daniel Miessler is an information security professional and writer born, raised, and living in the San Francisco Bay Area. You can find him on Twitter, on GitHub, or reach him at daniel@danielmiessler.com.

Ricky Gervais – The Bible

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63 COMMENTS

  1. There is lots of research by leading biblical historians that document the mythology involved in Bible stories and in the character of Jesus. Do your own research but I would suggest starting with Dr. Robert Price, Dr. Richard Carrier, David Fitzgerald, or watch “The God who wasn’t there”, or debates between believers and historians all found on Youtube on channels like “The Thinking Atheist”, “The Bible Geek”, etc. Yale University has a great series of presentations on bible historicity. But if you look with a closed mind you might as well not waste your time.
    To those of you who believe in the God of the Bible and Jesus are believing in man made God Who is too small, too human like to be very superior. Humans have created a creator in its image, petty, jealous, vengeful, deceitful, murderous. Don’t you find that kind of a coincidence? The God of the Universe, creator of stars, galaxies, nebula, nova, black holes, etc. shouldn’t be concerned with such trivial matters as humans have assigned Him. Would such a Creator give a damn about what man can eat or wear or marry or when we should rest or who can be a slave or who we can marry or where we can go to the bathroom? When I think of the Divine, I think of it as the whole Universe, eternal, evolving, energetic, and yes, loving. The Universe to me is living and we are a part of It as It is part of us. We are all part of the whole. And it is wonderful, not exclusive, hating, judgemental, wrathful, punishing. There is no divine intervention into men’s lives for a God who values one individual over another is too small. If a God answers your prayer that you get a better paying job and ignores the prayers of mothers whose children are dying of starvation is too small. A God who worries about who goes to what bathroom and turns his face away from millions of refugees fleeing from constant bombings and murder squads is too small. If you would think in those terms you would understand that you’ve been sold a God who doesn’t exist. And all these questions and concerns about what the Bible says and doesn’t say and who Jesus was or wasn’t will become meaningless. If we could all just understand and accept that the Universe is alive and loving and welcoming and that we, all of us, are a piece of it, we could really begin to love each other. As you can see by these posts, religion only divides us.

  2. All prehistoric civilizations origin stories was told to them by there gods. Not chronicled by and eyewitness. All previous civilizations where build and created by fallen angels that had witnessed creation and that had full knowledge of what was to come in regards of Christianity and it's teachings. The genocide was of the remaining Nephilim bloodlines of the fallen angels. It is also interesting to note that the one's bombing the middle east and several African nations are not Christian's, but rather lucifarians hiding behind Christ to destroy his image. The fact that all leaders of the world in all aspects of human life including religious leaders are all members of various secret societies with a very different view of Christ and Lucifer. They don't care what you believe as long as you don't believe in Christ. Not believing in Christ and the crucifixion is a win to Lucifer and his followers. Believing in nothing is also a win to Lucifer even if you don't actively support the church of Satan or it's teachings. Satan being Lucifer after the fall. To those of you betting you're soul on science and all those "scientific facts" it has accumulated over the past 150 years, you may want to look at what they are actually saying about all the observations and results that did not fit any of there theories. They end op with saying that there BELIEF in the theories as correct makes it possible for them to state that they KNOW how the universe works and that the evidence will eventually be found that proves it. Follow the link below, but if you look with a closed mind you might as well not waste your time.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEkWz6DAAOU

    If the link does not work then search YouTube for, Has Science Discovered God?

  3. The basic premise of the Torah is complete fiction. The Creation week according to the JEWS was equiv. Oct 6th / 3761 BCE.. This is STARDATE 5778 (todays date is SHVAT 20,5778) according to the Torah. Earth, the 'heavens' and yes LIGHT itself was spoken into existence by 'GOD'. The biblical timeline from ADAM (who was created at this time) to the FLOOD is 1656 years.. Making 2104 BCE the year of the 'biblical flood'. Noah lived another 350 years and Shem another 500 years.. WHICH IS ALL UTTERLY IMPOSSIBLE. There were already thriving civilizations in Egypt, China , India etc which of course were NOT destroyed.. ALL of world history stands as a testimony refuting the legitimacy of the entire fable. Noah, Shem, Abraham, David and Solomon and Moses were ALL fictional characters. No ancient historian mentions them (other than the Jews) and there is zero monuments , graves, mummies from this age to commemorate their existence.. There is ZERO evidence that any of these characters existed AS PORTRAYED in the TORAH.. ZERO.. every field of science refutes this preposterous fable. While there are multi millions of facts and artifacts supporting the history of EGYPT in every major museum in the world ,, there is ZERO evidence for NOAH and Shem… the FATHERS of all post deluge humanity… ZERO… WHY? They were without any doubt whatsoever fictional characters in the great SHEM SHAM… Thus the term Semite and Semitic and antisemitic are utterly misused…

  4. I don’t understand why, after centuries mistranslations, copying errors, censors, editors, etc., the promoters (clergy) of the Christian bible couldn’t get their story straight.

  5. I would say you only have the read the Bible to come to the conclusion that it doesn't really ring true. Forget about the thousands of contradictions. The entire concept is simplistic and it reads like it was written for simpletons. I'll send down my only son so he can be tortured on a cross to save mankind from their sins. Huh? Does that make sense to anyone!! Seriously? Oh and then after that you will never hear from me again.
    BUT it's a common mistake all ex-Christians make. Our upbringing is extremely narrow minded when it comes to religion. Therefore we conclude that if the Bible is fiction God does not exist. One little problem. There are one or two religions far older than the Abrahamic religions that have been villified and smeared by Christians for at least 400 years. And yes they believe in a supreme life force or supreme being. It's just not as simple to understand as the God of the Bible. It's not neatly packaged. Take the blinkers off.

  6. If you want to understand the origins of the Bible a good place to start is the Rus. They went shopping for a religion and eventually settled on Christianity. The point I hope is obvious.

  7. What about the Apocrophya or the Book of Jasher or Jubilees. The books they completely left out of the Bible. Huh? What kind of Bible do you pick and choose what it consists of?

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