How (and Why) Americans Were Taught to Hate Atheists

The true story behind America’s demonization of atheism

By John Follis | 10 January 2019

(Credit: / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

If you asked Americans to list the most negative labels to give someone “atheist” would probably be on that list. For the majority of Americans being an atheist is akin to being amoral and unAmerican. Growing up, that’s certainly the message I got. Sunday School made it clear that atheists were bad, Godless people.

What most Americans don’t know is that if you grew up in the 50’s or 60’s you didn’t need to attend Sunday School to be taught to fear and hate atheists. Because in the early-50’s the US government initiated a massive, multi-pronged, multi-year campaign to demonize atheism — and it worked very well.

The GODification of America.

The 1950’s was the height of The Cold War when the omnipresent threat to America was Communism. As the fear of Communism and the Soviet Union grew stronger President Eisenhower felt the need to do something big to help unify and bolster the country. At the strong encouragement of multiple ministers, religious politicians, business leaders, and his influential Evangelist pal Billy Graham, Eisenhower agreed on a bold strategy: Demonize Communism by demonizing a main tenet of Communism: Atheism. The idea was to make the ‘US vs Soviet Union’ a Holy War and draft God as America’s #1 Commie Fighter.

To facilitate that Eisenhower took aggressive executive action. First, he got Congress to add “One nation ‘under GOD'” to The Pledge of Allegiance — a pledge recited daily in every classroom in America. Then he got Congress to replace “E Pluribus Unum” (the US motto since 1782 meaning “Out of many, one”) with IN GOD WE TRUST.

After that he got Congress to approve posting IN GOD WE TRUST in court rooms, government buildings, public schools, on postage stamps, and on all US currency. Even some comic books of the day talked about “Godless Communism”. And New York State created a school prayer specifically designed to “counter the spread of Communism.” As if all that wasn’t enough the Administration teamed up with The Advertising Council, the major religious institutions, and corporate America to create something called the Religion in American Life campaign. With an annual budget of 200K (over $2M in today’s dollars) the campaign goal was to encourage Americans to attend church. It was a well-coordinated, unified effort that in 1956 alone included 5,412 highway billboards, 9,857 bus, train, and railroad station posters, and 59,590 ad cards inside buses, trains, subways, and streetcars. In addition, movie theaters ran PSA’s imploring the public to “Attend the church of your choice next Sunday.” It’s fair to say that during the 50’s nothing in America was marketed better than God, and nothing was demonized more than Communism and atheism.

Evidently, the end of the Cold War and the passing of 60-years has not softened America’s attitude toward atheists. According to a 2016 University of Minnesota study, Americans have actually sharpened their negative views. It showed that atheists are still perceived as cultural outsiders who “have rejected cultural values and practices understood as essential to private morality, civic virtue, and national identity.” They were chosen “the most disliked religious minority” in the U.S. Clearly, Eisenhower and company embedded an anti-Atheist cultural bias that still remains strong today.

Yet, in one religion-related sense Americans are becoming more tolerant. When the same survey asked if it’s a bad thing that increasing numbers of Americans claim no religious identity, 60% of the respondents said it’s either “a good thing” or “neither good nor bad.” And, while most Americans still have a problem with atheists more Americans are actually becoming atheists. A 2014 Pew Research Study reports that the number of Americans who identify as atheist doubled in the 7-year period from 2007 to 2014. And now, for the first time ever, “Nones” (no chosen religion) have become the largest “religious group” in America. Even clergy members are increasingly coming out as atheists as reported by Daniel Dennett and Linda LaScola who published their initial findings in 2010. The award-winning documentary “Leaving God” (2017) which explores these shifting attitudes can be viewed online for free.

Unfortunately, most biases, be they racial, gender-based, sexuality-related, or religious, tend to die hard. Which is why it’s so important to continue having open forums to help educate and enlighten the public.

Reprinted with permission from the author.

John Follis spent a 30-year career on Madison Avenue creating award-winning ads. Now he’s creating award-winning films. His latest documentary “LEAVING GOD: Why I left God and why so many others are too” won a “Best First-Time Filmmaker” award from the Hollywood International Independent Documentary Film Festival.

LEAVING GOD: Why I left God and why so many others are too

Interview with John Follis on his award-winning film: “Leaving God”

We’ve Reached the End of White Christian America

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    • There is nothing rational about believing everything came from nothing, because of nothing. Atheists can't abide the Big Bang Theory, but rather insist on smuggling raw materials into the Big Bang while professing belief in it. The Big Bang model holds that before the initial singularity, there was nothing, not even vacuum.

      • But literally no one with even the most basic understanding of the theory believes that. You know who does believe that? Christians. Christians believe that a God that exists outside space and time made everything. Which, if you replace God with "natural process we don't yet understand" and remove the agency aspect, isn't that different from the actual theory.

        • No, actually, any talk of causes outside the Universe is entirely unscientific. There is no way to make a testable hypothesis about the multiverse or a previous universe.

    • Oh Atheism can be stop. Instantly. Just prove beyond any doubt that a god exists and automatically every atheist becomes a theist. Most if not all will not worship this god, but they all will believe in him. This simple fact is one of the reasons that theists have a problem with atheists. They want atheists to be more than that, they want them to be the demons they have told to think of them as. Facts show this is not true, so frustrated they lash out.

      • I think some atheists are just obnoxious know it alls, so they assume all atheists are obnoxious know it alls. Like if a cat scratched a dog, so the dog assumed every cat would scratch it, and thus didn’t like the cats.

  1. I am not Godless, I AM a non-theist. My family was very 1950’s during my formative years. Not ‘Leave It to Beaver’ like, but kinda close. As my siblings and I learned about the world around us, my parent’s church was very much a part of my life. Our parents were very clear about encouraging their children to be respectful, and for each of us to think for ourselves.
    I do not recall questions ever being met with judgement or disapproval. If someone stated their questions in public, we knew immediately that the answer would be addressed when we were home.
    I am so grateful for our parents style of nurturing.
    As we matured, we were encouraged to express ourselves.
    Personally, I took the perspective that my composite of God was perhaps more global than I heard from some members of our community. There may be a way to express my ‘global God’. But, basically I think of the song we sang at least Every Sunday and Wednesday, that is “Jesus loves the the little children, all little children of the world. Red and yellow, black and white, they are precious in His site, Jesus loves the little children of the world” I didn’t hear any qualifiers in the words.
    As I aged, and listened to people discuss the world, I learned of others view of life, I thought for myself.
    I do not question what gives folks faith, they are thinking for themselves. ☮️

  2. If Jesus loves all the little children, wonder why he gave so many of them polio, cancer, poverty, incestuous parents, starvation, etc. Jesus was implanted into my psyche before my brain had developed. Many people never recover their logic after that upbringing. I know adults who believe that Jesus died on the cross for their sins, never even noticing that they’re paying for their own sins (mistakes).


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