With Elon Musk looking to colonize Mars in the near future, the size and shape of humanity's future in space is difficult to predict.
AI refers to efforts to replace people with machines. But AI has a counterpart, known as intelligence augmentation, or IA.
Delivering gene therapy directly to the fetus of a pregnant mother is something that biotechnology futurists have dreamed about since the late 1990s.
If you could improve by implanting a chip in your brain, 'update yourself' and partially become a machine, would you?
If we are to develop machines that think, ensuring that they are beneficial is one of the great intellectual challenges of this century.
Now, through the combination of HI and AI, we are at the brink of the most consequential technological development of our time, and in history.
Counter intuitively, the primary obstacles are not technical. Rather it is government inaction, in both funding and regulation.
If early colonies are restocked with new recruits from Earth, physiological changes will be modest. But subsequent colonists may sever the umbilical.
What’s next for DNA nanotechnology? It is hard to know but, with DNA, nature has given us a very versatile tool.
Survival is the great challenge of the 21st century and could prove to be a far greater challenge than at any time in the past.