If we intend to "go interplanetary" and establish a colony on Mars, we need to know how to address the long-term needs of the colonists.
If we ever intend to send crewed missions to deep-space locations, then we need to come up with solutions for keeping the crews supplied.
The colonists will be a young offshoot of the human tree, with the potential to evolve into a different species.
Scientists have come up with a model to understand the conditions for any life to exist in the subsurface oceans of Mars.
In the next few years, Mars will be visited by three new rovers searching for evidence of past and present life.
In the case of Mars, a major resource that can be processed by synthetic biology is the atmosphere.
Carl Sagan showed that Mars has the necessary elements to become more "Earth-like", providing some serious changes are introduced.
As seen from Earth, the big red dot in the night sky has caught the attention of humans since we started contemplating the universe.
While Starlink and Musks’ other ventures are still subject to the law of the land here on Earth, Mars may be a different story.
With Elon Musk looking to colonize Mars in the near future, the size and shape of humanity's future in space is difficult to predict.